SERE

אֵ

LONG FRONT CLOSE-MID UNROUNDED VOWEL []

In open syllables, Tiberian Hebrew ṣere is normally pronounced as a long e-vowel.

[eː]

אֵ

Hidayat al-Qari

The fifth place of articulation is the place of articulation of ṣere, which is the teeth, without closure, because it breaks through them.

Translation from Khan (TPTBH II.L.2.15.5)

EXAMPLE WORDS:

שֵׁנִֽי

ˈniː]

מֵעַ֣ל

[mˈʕaːal]

פְּנֵ֣י

[pʰaˈn]

בְּרֵאשִׁ֖ית

[baʀ̟ˈʃiːiθ]

EXTRA LONG FRONT CLOSE-MID UNROUNDED VOWEL [eːe]

In a closed syllable, ṣere is pronounced as an extra long vowel [eːe].

[eːe]

אֵ

(in stressed closed syllable)

Hidayat al-Qari

The total number of vowels is seven: אֹ ,אִ ,אֵ ,אֶ ,אַ ,אָ and אֻ. From within these seven vowels the letters ו ,ה ,א, and י are pronounced. From qameṣ, pataḥ and segol ʾalef and he are pronounced, as in עַמֶּיךָ ,עֲבָדֶיךָ and קָשֶׁה. If the he (in קָשֶׁה) were elided, the segol (by itself) would indicate its existence, just as the qameṣ in עַמְּךָ ,שִׁמְךָ and עֲבָדֶיךָ indicates the existence of ʾalef or he in full orthography ... Ṣere and ḥireq indicate the existence of yod, as in עֵינִי, since the yod is frequently written defectively but these two vowels indicate its existence.

Translation from Khan (TPTBH II.S.4.2)

EXAMPLE WORDS:

יִתֵּ֬ן

[jitˈtʰeːen]

נֵרְדָ֕ה

[neːeʀ̟ˈðɔː]

וַיַּבְדֵּ֣ל

[vaɟɟavˈdeːel]

אֵ֥ת

[ˈʔeːeθ]

SOURCES AND FURTHER READING

Khan, Geoffrey. 2020. The Tiberian Pronunciation Tradition of Biblical Hebrew. Cambridge: Cambridge and Open Book Publishers. §I.2.

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