DAGESH

ּ

CONSONANT GEMINATION [CC] or []

When dagesh is written in a letter and a vowel precedes it, the consonant should be held for a longer duration. For those familiar with Arabic, it has the same effect as shadda ( ّ  ).

In the case of the consonants בג״ד כפ״ת, when not preceded by a vowel, the dagesh indicates that they should be pronounced with greater pressure (i.e., their "heavy" stop/plosive realization instead of their "soft" fricative realization).

e.g.,

[zz]

זּ

[ll]

לּ

[ss]

סּ

etc.

Hidayat al-Qari

dagesh makes a letter heavy and rafe makes it soft, as in גָּגֿ ‘roof’

Translation from Khan (TPTBH II.L.1.3.2)

EXAMPLE WORDS:

שּׁ֑וּר

[ʔaʃˈʃuːuʀ̟]

שַׁלַּ֥ח

[ʃalˈlaːaħ]

וַיְקַדֵּ֖

[vaˑjq̟adeːeʃ]

הַבַּיִת

[habˈbaːjiθ]

SOURCES AND FURTHER READING

Khan, Geoffrey. 2020. The Tiberian Pronunciation Tradition of Biblical Hebrew. Cambridge: Cambridge and Open Book Publishers. §I.3.1.

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